Hair drawing tutorial
Tutorial submitted on June 12, 2009
We highly recommend this great tutorial by Tomáš (Timon). Drawing hair is definitely one of the trickiest part of almost every portrait. In this tutorial, Tomáš introduces some easy and effective ways to draw wavy or straight hair or hair blowing in the wind. A huge thank you to Tomáš for this very interesting lesson.
IntroductionDrawing hair is definitely one of the trickiest part of almost every portrait. However, you will definitely like it if you acquire technique and skill in it. Therefore I introduce some easy and effective ways to draw wavy or straight hair or hair blowing in the wind. No matter how much chaotic the hair is, you'll be able to draw it.
This tutorial explains two techniques of drawing hair on four portraits. I laid emphasis on minimum of drawing equipment. You need just pencil, charcoal and rubber eraser. I admit that better equipment makes better drawing, but maybe you find inspiration or some new ideas in this tutorial.
The first time I ever tried to draw realistic wavy hair was when drawing my portrait of Hilary Duff. As you can see, the hair may look real when you distance the portrait from you.
Actually, if you come closer, you’ll see it consists of curved lines drawn with charcoal and smudged with a rubber eraser.
How to do it?Start with the base layer, draw a black area with charcoal and then smooth it out with a specially prepared surface of an eraser (explained hereafter). When you need to make a forelock protruding from hair then just pull over the border of the black area with the eraser and draw the forelock with it (you can 'pre-draw' it with the charcoal). (red arrow)
When you are done take a new piece of an eraser (a clean one) and by erasing lines from the black area, you create as many strands of hair as you need.
The white lines look like a light reflected on the strands.You can see it in reality too. Just make sure some of the protruding strands of hair continue with erased lighter lines to make an efect of volume. (yellow arrow)
Let‘s go on with more realistic look of hair. I’ll explain the matter on some of my latest portraits.
Drawing Realistic Hair
Stuffs you need or may find usefull:
two pieces of a rubber eraser (ordinary eraser)
- In case you have a pencil eraser or other special erasers, use them. However, I do not. Therefore I've figured out this easy way to substitute a hairline eraser. Moreover, you can use one piece of a rubber eraser for rubbing charcoal in. Note that for rubbing charcoal in you need the surface of the rubber to be smooth. It should rub in, not out! On the contrary, for making light lines in hair you need a clean rubber eraser to rub charcoal out.
- pencil (2B or 4B and H or F) (necessary)
- technical pencil (HB)
- tissue or a piece of cloth
- charcoal (the more black and less wide the better) (necessary)
Step One - Sketch (Outlining)A good sketch usually precedes every portrait. However we're dealing with hair. There is no need to draw an accurate skatch of hair. If you draw main lines as contour and forelocks, it's quite all right.
Step Two - CharcoalMake several lines with charcoal in places where hair appears to be darker. It can be caused by casted shadow or shading. I remark they should be lines. And the more narrow the lines are the better.
If you see that there is a whole black area in the reference picture, fill it with charcoal in your picture and then rub it in with the 'smudging' rubber, which will also help you to cover narrow areas clumsily reachable with charcoal.
Step Three - RubbingWhen you're done with some of the lines drawn with charcoal (you don't have to make them all at one go), you can rub them up to make them look more smooth - like hair. In the picture you can see the directions of rubbing.
You can continue with the step number one in the same manner.
In the next picture you can see red arrows meaning directions you must move your 'smudging' rubber to rub the charcoal lines up with it. Usually only one move (or two) for each line. Blue arrows show you where you can use the clean rubber eraser to make an effect of sheen. In these areas you can also use technical pencil and draw several hairlines to add more details. You don't strictly need to stick to the reference image punctually, be creative in details and the final drawing will look more naturally. (Creativity - that's why you are an artist.)
I used the same technique by drawing hair in other portraits. For instance, Alessandra Ambrosio - I liked her hair in the reference photo and its look really matched this technique.
This is the drawing. Let's zoom in on one forelock.
Again, red arrows mean directions of rubbing the charcoal lines.
Combining the two techniquesNow you should be familiar with two possible ways of drawing hair. The two of many. I'd be glad if it helped you even a little.
The second technique: Draw just lines with charcoal and then rub them up.
Drawing. Note that the blowing wider strands of hair are drawn with charcoal and 'rubbing' eraser, but the thin strands are drawn with pencil (2B or 4B) and the thinnest strands are drawn with pencil F (you may use H as well).
Thank you for reading this tutorial. I'd be really pleased if this tutorial helped you somehow, inspired or just enjoyed you. If it did, you might show me your results or let me know your opinion and contact me, it'd be welcome.
Or you may share your opinion or questions relating to this tutorial and post it here on my blog. I'll try to answer all your questions.